Fire Safety



The City's Draft Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP) was presented to the public during a virtual meeting on Wednesday, March 10, 2021, at 6:00 PM. Anyone unable to attend can watch a video of the meeting on-demand on the City's YouTube channel. 

Written comments may be submitted by email to through April 9. Answers to questions and comments submitted prior to and during the meeting may be found on the addendum and on CWPP frequently asked questions

In June 2019, the City was awarded a $100,000 Cal Fire grant for the development of a CWPP, which identifies and prioritizes areas for hazardous fuel reduction treatments. The CWPP outlines an action plan that will protect at-risk communities and essential infrastructure from wildfire, as well as make recommendations to reduce structural ignitability throughout the community. Having a CWPP in place also increases the City's chances of securing grant funding to implement the recommended action items. 

The City's CWPP consultant will present the results of its work over the last year, including two public stakeholder meetings, an online community survey, studying the local fire history and fuels, simulations with various fire progression software applications, and numerous site surveys throughout the City. During the meeting, the public will have the opportunity to comment and provide feedback on the Draft CWPP. Questions and comments may also be sent by email to prior to the meeting. 

wildfire preparations

What the City is Doing to Prepare

As Southern California heads into peak fire season, the City is working to prepare and help community members be prepared to prevent wildfires and be ready to respond to the next big wildfire that may come. 

The City Manager and Public Safety Manager meet weekly with the Fire Department and Sheriff’s Department to discuss current and forecasted fire conditions, community concerns, and deployment levels in response to wildfire threat factors, such as hot, dry, windy weather, fuel moisture levels, and Santa Ana winds.

The Fire Safety Liaison also monitors current fire conditions in Malibu, including weather and fuel moisture levels, and reports them weekly to the City Manager and Public Safety Manager. The City’s Fire Safety Liaison is available to visit your home to assess the property’s wildfire risk, and provide a checklist of ways that you can harden your homes against flying embers, which are a main cause of homes catching fire during a wildfire. To schedule an appointment, email or call 310-456-2489, ext. 387.


As part of the City's Mass Evacuation Plan, the City partnered with the Los Angeles County Fire and Sheriff’s Departments to establish four official Evacuation Zones for Malibu, following the City's historic fire corridors

For more details on Evacuations, including information about the Mass Evacuation Plan and Evacuation Zones, visit

To find the Evacuation Zone in which your home or office is located, visit

What You Can Do to Be Prepared

Residents should review their family emergency and evacuation plans, and check their “go bags” and emergency supplies to ensure that food, water, medication, and batteries have not expired. If you do not have an emergency plan or supply kits, learn how to get started by downloading the City’s free Emergency Survival Guide, available online 

The City also launched a communications campaign to help residents get ready, with daily tips on social media. 

The Resource Conservation District of the Santa Monica Mountains provides a valuable resource for wildfire preparedness. Visit for detailed tips on what you can do to protect your home and surrounding areas from fire damage through fire-safe building and landscaping.


During a wildfire, thousands of embers can rain down on your home and property like hail during a storm. If these embers land in receptive fuels or become lodged in something easily ignited on or near your house, the home may be in jeopardy of burning. This area is commonly referred to as the Home Ignition Zone

Embers coming into contact with flammable material is a major reason why homes are destroyed during a wildfire. Common materials that become embers during wildfire include palm fronds, branches, tree bark, and native vegetation. Depending on fire intensity, wind speed, and the size of materials that are burning, embers can be carried more than a mile ahead of the fire. Consequently, even homes located blocks away from the actual flame front are vulnerable to ignition and complete destruction. By being ember aware and taking action ahead of time, a homeowner can substantially reduce the ember threat. 

Utilizing City staff and certified volunteers, the city offers no-cost, no-obligation Home Ignition Zone Assessments to assist residents by providing recommendations for hardening their homes against flying embers. 

Visit the online scheduling system to set an appointment for your home assessment.

Watch a video on how your home could survive a wildfire from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). In the video, Dr. Jack Cohen, Fire Science Researcher with the USDA Forest Service, explains current research about how homes ignite during wildfires, and the actions that homeowners can take to help their home survive the impacts of flames and embers. 


The City is in the process of developing a citywide Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP), a community-based plan focused on identifying and addressing local hazards, risks, and vulnerabilities from wildfire. It provides a road map of action items to help the community prevent, mitigate, respond, and recover from the potential wildfire threat. It may also assist the City and its partners in qualifying for State and federal funding opportunities to implement the plan.

View CWPP consultant Jensen Hughes’ presentation from the Stakeholder Workshops held on February 20 and 22, 2020.


The City's consultant conducted a CWPP online survey in June 2020 and received 250 responses. A summary report of the survey results was presented to the Public Safety Commission at its Regular meeting on August 5, 2020.


Additional information on the CWPP development process can be found in the CWPP Process Guide, the CWPP Community Guide, and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ).

For reference, view the City of Montecito’s CWPP prepared by Jensen Hughes.


Thousands of homes in Malibu and the surrounding areas are in serious danger of destruction by fire because they are in the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) where human development intermingles with forests, fields, and other wildlands. However, there are steps homeowners can take to reduce the chance of home ignition:

  • Prune trees and vegetation away from the house, including vines or ivy
  • Use fire-resistant building materials, such as brick, cement, masonry, or stucco, whenever possible
  • Cover rain gutters to prevent the accumulation of pine needles, leaves, and roofing sand runoff
  • Keep the area around, under, and over propane tanks clear of tree branches and leaves
  • Embers are one of the greatest threats to your home during a wildfire - seal off eaves or other gaps that might allow embers to get into the interior of your home
  • Do not use railroad ties for landscaping as they are extremely flammable and prone to re-ignition even after the initial fire

For more information and helpful tips for steps you can take to strengthen the fire safety of your home and property, visit


It is critical to decide ahead of time how you and your family will respond to a wildfire and evacuation orders.

  • Plan multiple escape routes from your home and other parts of Malibu that you frequent. Los Angeles County Fire Department’s Ready! Set! Go! program can help you plan for evacuations in advance.
  • Pick a location to the North (Valley) and South (West LA/Santa Monica) where family members coming from different areas can reunite.
  • Make sure your disaster supply kit contains appropriate protective clothing for fire conditions.
  • Have several ways to stay in touch with family and friends. Texting may be more reliable when networks are overloaded. Radios may also be helpful, depending on the situation. Mobile phone apps like Zello can work as long as you have power and WiFi.
  • Practice your plan! Know what items you can grab in five minutes, 30 minutes, one hour, and so on.

For additional planning advice, visit the Cal Fire website at


A Red Flag Warning is issued by the National Weather Service for weather events that may result in extreme fire behavior that will occur within 24 to 48 hours due to forecasted high winds and low humidity combined with low live fuel moistures. A Fire Weather Watch is issued when weather conditions could exist in the next 12-72 hours. During these times, extreme caution is urged for all residents because a simple spark can cause a major wildfire. 

Residents can prepare for Red Flag Warnings and Fire Weather Watches by storing patio furniture cushions inside, reviewing their emergency action plan, ensuring their “go bag” is ready, and making sure they always have enough fuel in their vehicles for safe evacuation.

The Fire Department, Sheriff’s Department, and City staff participate in daily conference calls with the local National Weather Service office and respond to warnings and watches by increasing staffing and resources. Residents should avoid risky fire behaviors and remain vigilant. If you see flames or smell smoke, call 911 immediately.

The current fire weather forecast can be viewed on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) website

Live Fuel Moisture

Along with hot dry Santa Ana winds and low relative humidity, Live Fuel Moisture (LFM) is an important component in determining critical fire danger and Red Flag conditions. LFM is defined as the percentage of water content to dry matter content in live vegetation. Live Fuel Moisture can be as high as 200% and sixty percent is considered critical.

The direct measurement of LFM is done by collecting fresh field samples of Chamise, drying them until all moisture is evaporated, and calculating the water content difference between fresh and dry samples. Field-sampled LFM are gathered at three locations throughout the Santa Monica Mountains to determine the average LFM in the region.

Chamise is one of the most common shrub species found in southern California chaparral communities and is the dominant species in the Santa Monica Mountains region. Chamise is evergreen, but it is sensitive to seasonal drought. During southern California’s long dry season, Chamise leaf moisture content drops as soil water availability declines. In extreme conditions, rapid dry down can happen in days, for example during Santa Ana winds affecting southern California.

The Los Angeles County Fire Department Forestry Division conducts sampling approximately every two weeks and posts the results on their website. 


Every single person, no matter where they live, or what kind of home they live in, is at risk of a house fire. Common causes of fires that begin inside the home include: unattended candles, cooking mishaps, faulty wiring, and flammable materials. Luckily, house fires are entirely preventable. Use the resources below to improve home fire safety for you and your family:

Use a weed whacker safely

  • Have your weed whacker professionally checked and tuned before use, especially if it’s been in storage.
  • Make sure there are no gas leaks.
  • Take breaks so the motor does not become overheated.
  • Use plastic blades or nylon strings instead of metal blades. Sparks caused by metal blades hitting rocks can start a fire.
  • If you must use a metal blade, clear rocks before you begin cutting or avoid them as much as possible to prevent sparks.
  • Do not refuel in the brush or grass.
  • Cut in the cooler parts of the day (morning, evening, or overcast days).
  • ALWAYS have a water source or fire extinguisher close by to put out sparks and blazes immediately.

View or download the weed whacker safety flyer. (Also available en Español.)

69 Bravo Helistop

69 Bravo Helistop is located near the top of Saddle Peak Road with 360° views of the surrounding area. The property is used as a refueling facility for water-dropping firefighting helicopters, with 10,000 gallons of water onsite in self-replenishing tanks, plus hookups to fire hydrants and water storage. 

While battling wildfires, time is of the essence. 69 Bravo allows helicopters to drop water, turn around, re-fill, and quickly get back to the blaze. This location, in the middle of the Santa Monica Mountains, provides a crucial resource for the Los Angeles County Fire Department to be able to protect Malibu and surrounding communities from their number one public safety threat. 

Watch a video of 69 Bravo in use during the September 2020 Topanga Fire.